The types of tents that are common to find are:
They are traditional tents and the oldest model of tents, they have the classic gable roof and are made with very durable and resistant materials. They are still manufactured although they are no longer being used, replaced by igloos and structural ones with advantages such as more technical materials with less weight and more interior space.
Advantages: durable materials, which withstand bad treatment, strong and resistant stands.
Disadvantages: very heavy, materials that mould easily and must be well dry and clean, poor internal heat conservation, worse performance against strong winds than igloos.
They are tents designed for stays of many days, for many people (for example there are models for 10 people with 2 bedrooms and a dining room).
Advantages: comfort, because in general, they have good interior height, almost vertical walls and therefore more interior space. Solid structure, fibreglass and steel studs are used. Technical and quality materials are used, which makes them have good characteristics of impermeability, heat conservation and ventilation. Designs and shapes that offer good resistance to strong winds and rains.
Disadvantages: They are the heaviest tents, assembling, disassembling and cleaning take more time and people than the other types of tents.
Today they are the most widely used type of tent, replacing traditional Canadians in the choice of most campers. This success is the result of new synthetic materials with better characteristics for the weather and its dome shape with improved aerodynamics offers less resistance against winds while its low weight makes it easily transportable. In addition to dome-shaped igloos they can also be found tunnel-shaped.
There are two kinds of commonly called igloo tent types: 3-station igloos and 4-station igloos.
These names are due to the number of times of the year for which these tents are prepared, going into more detail …
3-season igloos: sometimes they are also called mid-mountain or trekking and they are models thought and designed for the spring, summer and autumn seasons. They are the most used model and in general, their materials have adequate waterproofing and breathability capabilities for rain and usual temperatures (they normally resist up to 5000 mm of the water column on the floor and between 1000 and 3000 mm of the water column on their wall). They are easy to assemble with a low weight for light transport.
It is normal that they have several openings which allow them good ventilation, and they almost always have a very useful apse to protect backpacks or to change before entering the tent.
The rods in these models are almost always fibreglass (read section Types of rods, break prevention, arrangements to learn a little more about rods)
As disadvantages of these models to take into account we have that their elements, despite their very good performance, are more susceptible to breaks than for example the Canadian ones. To avoid tearing the fabric, it is worth investing a little more in models that have the Ripstop treatment (anti-tear) and see that the thickness of the rods is adequate for the size of the tent.
It is always good to carry extra plastic or canvas to place under the floor and protect it from moisture, stones, friction and thus extend its useful life.
4-season igloos: They are often called high mountain and it is because it is precisely the use they are intended for. Its materials have a high degree of impermeability (with a minimum of 3000 mm of the water column on its roof), they are designed to be used in conditions of strong winds, snow and temperatures several degrees below zero. They have less ventilation than the 3-station models and their rods are made of duralumin for greater resistance to winds. In short, they are not comfortable or suitable models for recreational camping.